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Measurement of the electroweak production of Zγ and two jets in proton-proton collisions at sqrt(s) = 13 TeV and constraints on anomalous quartic gauge couplings

Aug 10, 2022, 4:55 PM
15m
Oral report TeV物理和超出标准模型新物理 Parallel Session VI (1):TeV and BSM Physics

Speaker

Ying An (Peking University)

Description

The first observation of the electroweak (EW) production of a Z boson, a photon, and two forward jets (Z$\gamma$jj) in proton-proton collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV is presented. A data set corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 137 fb$^{-1}$, collected by the CMS experiment at the LHC in 2016-2018 is used. The measured fiducial cross section for EW Z$\gamma$jj is $\sigma_{\mathrm{EW}}=5.21\pm0.52\,(\mathrm{stat}) \pm 0.56\,(\mathrm{syst})\,\mathrm{fb}=5.21\pm0.76\,\mathrm{fb}$. Single-differential cross sections in photon, leading lepton, and leading jet transverse momenta, and double-differential cross sections in $m_{\mathrm{jj}}$ and $|\Delta\eta_{\mathrm{jj}}|$ are also measured. Exclusion limits on anomalous quartic gauge couplings are derived at 95\% confidence level in terms of the effective field theory operators $\mathrm{M}_{0}$ to $\mathrm{M}_{5}$, $\mathrm{M}_{7}$, $\mathrm{T}_{0}$ to $\mathrm{T}_{2}$, and $\mathrm{T}_{5}$ to $\mathrm{T}_{9}$.

Summary

This paper presents the first observation of the electroweak (EW) production of a Z boson, a photon, and two jets (Z$\gamma$jj) in $\sqrt{s}=13$TeV proton-proton collisions recorded with the CMS detector in 2016--2018 corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 137 fb$^{-1}$. Events were selected by requiring two opposite-sign leptons with the same flavor from the decay of a Z boson, one identified photon, and two jets that have a large separation in pseudorapidity and a large dijet mass. The measured cross section in the fiducial volume for EW Z$\gamma$jj production is $5.21\pm0.52\,(\mathrm{stat})\pm0.56\,(\mathrm{syst})\,\mathrm{fb}=5.21\pm0.76\,\mathrm{fb}$, and the fiducial cross section of EW and QCD-induced production is $ 14.7\pm0.80\,(\mathrm{stat})\pm1.26\,(\mathrm{syst})\,\mathrm{fb}=14.7\pm1.53\,\mathrm{fb}$. Both the observed and expected signal significances are well in excess of 5 standard deviations. Differential cross sections for EW and EW+QCD are measured for several observables and compared to standard model predictions computed at leading order. Within the uncertainties, the measurements agree with the predictions. Constraints are set on the effective field theory dimension-8 operators $\mathrm{M}_{0}$ to $\mathrm{M}_{5}$, $\mathrm{M}_{7}$, $\mathrm{T}_{0}$ to $\mathrm{T}_{2}$, and $\mathrm{T}_{5}$ to $\mathrm{T}_{9}$, giving rise to anomalous quartic gauge couplings. These constraints are either competitive with or more stringent than those previously obtained.

Primary author

Ying An (Peking University)

Presentation materials